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Artykuły :: Telematics :: ATST

Externalities and their infl uence on safety
A. KALAŠOVÁ
2010-01-05 14:06:12

Title:

Externalities and their influence on safety

Authors:

A. KALAŠOVÁ

Afiliation:

University of Zilina, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, Department of Road and Urban Transport , Univerzitnå 1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia

Keywords:

Intelligent Transport System, Traffic Flow Theory safety

Abstract:

Summary: Effective operation of transport depends on the correct costs fixing. The external cost – externality- is the cost or its part that disinterest its author but interests the other people who are not participating in it or who are its victims. Some externalities cannot be expressed in numbers, like the death, human suffering and damage of environment. Externalities interfere with effective division of resources within sectors. According to the study of EU, the road transport, with its 92%, is the biggest contributor to externalities.

Bibliography:

[1] KALAŠOVÁ, A.., STACHO, M.: Decrease in congestions is one of The most important factors for increase in safety in road transport .In: Modern Safety Technologies in Transportation 2005, Koťice, ISBN 80-969106-1-2
[2] KŘIVDA, V., OLIVKOVÁ,I., PAÄ˝O,J.,  RICHTÁŘ, M.: Transport Telematics. Published by EDIS Ĺ˝U in Ĺ˝ilina, 2009,  ISBN 978-80-8070-981-5
[3] DopravnĂ˝ podnik mesta Ĺ˝iliny  (Transport enterprise of Zielina), http://www.dpmz.sk, (22.06.2009)

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